Corporate governance refers to the way in which companies are governed and to what purpose. It is concerned with practices and procedures for trying to ensure that a company is run in such a way that it achieves its objectives. This could be to maximise the wealth of its owners (the shareholders), subject to various guidelines and constraints and with regard to the other groups with an interest in what the company does. Guidelines and constraints include behaving in an ethical way and in compliance with laws and regulations. From a shareholder’s perspective, corporate governance can be defined as a process for monitoring and control to ensure that management runs the company in the interests of the shareholders.
Other groups with an interest in how the company acts include employees, customers and the general public.